Since the consequences of intensive human intrusion in the environment are well-known, the role of public goods in agriculture has recently gained a significant importance and is often mentioned in the debates over the current CAP reform. This book analyses why it is impossible to deliver public goods associated with agriculture under market conditions and why the European agriculture needs the Common Agriculture Policy to make the provision of public goods more effective. The book presents the current CAP measures that aim to enhance the efficiency of the provision of public goods and their discrepancies that are harshly criticized by experts and agricultural economists. There is a need for changes and the process of reforming the CAP is now underway. The question is how to reform the new CAP to be more green, sustainable and competitive at the same time. The book presents the new proposals of the European Commission how to reform direct payments and to green the first pillar to be more suitable to bolster the provision of public goods. It also reviews the criticisms of experts and stakeholders who try to highlight the discrepancies of the proposals made by the Commission.
Since the consequences of intensive human intrusion in the environment are well-known, the role of public goods in agriculture has recently gained a significant importance and is often mentioned in the debates over the current CAP reform. This book analyses why it is impossible to deliver public goods associated with agriculture under market conditions and why the European agriculture needs the Common Agriculture Policy to make the provision of public goods more effective. The book presents the current CAP measures that aim to enhance the efficiency of the provision of public goods and their discrepancies that are harshly criticized by experts and agricultural economists. There is a need for changes and the process of reforming the CAP is now underway. The question is how to reform the new CAP to be more green, sustainable and competitive at the same time. The book presents the new proposals of the European Commission how to reform direct payments and to 'green' the first pillar to be more suitable to bolster the provision of public goods. It also reviews the criticisms of experts and stakeholders who try to highlight the discrepancies of the proposals made by the Commission.
Praise for The Project Success Method 'I have used the Project Success Method for twenty years on all types of projects, including major acquisitions, global outsourcing, rapid product development, corporate system migrations, and green initiatives.¿Its top-down approach to planning and critical-issues focus during the control process provide you with a means to manage very complex projects in a relatively simple, straightforward manner. Whether you have a small project in a business start-up or a portfolio of projects in a Fortune 500 company, the Project Success Method will help you complete them on time, within budget, and to quality specifications.' --John Liddell, Senior Vice President, Corporate Project Management, CB Richard Ellis 'I´d just like to underscore the tremendous versatility of the Project Success Method. I´ve used it on 400-person projects and twelve-person projects. I´ve used it in Fortune 500 corporate environments and entrepreneurial start-ups. I´ve used it on highly technical projects and on business projects, such as rolling out a new advertising campaign or a new company benefits plan. It´s worked for me time and time again, and I owe much of my success to PSI and the Project Success Method.' --Don Miller, Northrop Grumman (retired) 'I have found the Project Success Method to be a very practical approach for managing IT- related projects. Clinton Padgett´s book is a good reference guide on the Project Success Method.' --Walt Hnyda, Director of Product Implementation, Global Payments Inc. 'The Project Success Method has proven itself to be a valuable tool in managing a complex multigeneration product development program with 100+ design, development, manufacturing, and support teams providing input to the Motor Grader Monarch program. The ability to visualize the full scope of the program, identify the numerous dependencies, and understand the ´Critical Path´ was crucial to the success of the program. The periodic updates allowed management to anticipate constraints and then adjust priorities and resources to meet the demanding program schedule.' --Don Stamberger, Motor Grader Product Manager (retired), Caterpillar Inc.
Today's new-home buyers face unprecedented opportunity 'and' risk. Thanks to recent builder innovations and lower house payments, buyers have the opportunity of a lifetime to build the house of their dreams. Yet given recent history of unprecedented depreciation in home values, consumers venturing into the new-home market take a big chance. In 'The New, New Home, 'Boyce Thompson, the editorial director of 'Builder' magazine for 17 years, demystifies the challenges and opportunities facing new homebuyers. In it, he lays out the new green, high-tech, aging in place, space planning, and construction options available in today's market. He helps buyers determine which features will improve their living experience today 'and' create value if they sell their home down the road. 'The New, New Home' is the one book that anyone contemplating buying or building a new home needs to read. It arms new-home buyers with the actionable information that they need to make intelligent choices.
The utilization of natural resources to satisfy worldwide growing consumption of goods and services has severe ecological consequences. Aside from the projected doubling of food consumption in the next fifty years, the growing trade of biofuels and other commodities is a global challenge as the economic activities in the primary sector (i.e. mining, fisheries, aquaculture, forestry and agriculture) can damage biodiversity and ecosystem services. This should be taken into account in the decision-making affecting the global value chains linking consumer, retailer, processor, and producer in the North and the South. To cover the topic of ecosystem services and global trade this book is organized into four major parts. Part 1 gives the theoretical framework from an ecological, economic and political perspectives. Part 2 explores how internationally traded biophysical commodities from agriculture, forestry and fisheries translates into a virtual flow of land, freshwater, and marine ecosystems. Part 3 describes how two widely used accounting tools (i.e., Life Cycle Assessment and Green National Accounts) deal with international aspects of ecosystem services, and Part 4 shows how instruments like labelling, bans, or payments for ecosystem services in the private and public sector can influence trade patterns and the management of ecosystem services. This collection is a valuable contribution to the global change science dealing with ecosystem services. It illustrates the consequences of international trade on global ecosystem services and provides an overview of accounting tools and of market-based policy instruments to address negative and positive externalities. The book is certainly innovative, because it brings together research findings from distinct disciplines especially Industrial Ecology and Ecosystem Sciences, as well as Environmental Economics and Political Science.
Do the World Trade Organization's rules on 'green box' farm subsidies allow both rich and poor countries to achieve important goals such as food security, or do they worsen poverty, distort trade and harm the environment? Current WTO requirements set no ceiling on the amount of green box subsidies that governments can provide, on the basis that these payments cause only minimal trade distortion. Governments are thus increasingly shifting their subsidy spending into this category, as they come under pressure to reduce subsidies that are more directly linked to production. However, growing evidence nonetheless suggests that green box payments can affect production and trade, harm farmers in developing countries and cause environmental damage. By bringing together new research and critical thinking, this book examines the relationship between green box subsidies and the achievement of sustainable development goals, and explores options for future reform.
Payments for environmental services (PES) are a potential mechanism to provide incentives for sustainable management of grasslands and reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. PES is not widely practiced in Mongolia, but has been included in the Green Development Strategy of the government. This paper reviews 50 PES schemes operating in grasslands and other grazing lands globally, including Mongolia. It discusses key issues related to the design of PES schemes in Mongolian grasslands, including potential benefits, risks, constraints, and trade-offs.
In September 1999, FIDIC introduced its new Suite of Contracts, which included a new Red, Yellow, Silver and Green forms of contract. The new Red Book was intended to replace the 1992 fourth edition of the Red Book, with the ambition that its use would cease with time. This ambition has not materialised and is unlikely to do so in the future. Despite the importance of the 1999 Forms, there has been very little published on the new concepts adopted in them and how they interact with the previous forms. This important work considers these aspects together with the many developments affecting the fourth edition of the Red Book that have taken place since 1997, when the second edition of this book was published, and relates them to key contracting issues. It is written by a chartered engineer, conciliator and international arbitrator with wide experience in the use of the FIDIC Forms and in the various dispute resolution mechanisms specified in them. Important features of this book include: background and concepts of the various forms of contract; a detailed comparison of the wording of the1999 three main forms, which although similar in nature; it nevertheless significantly differs in certain areas where the three forms diverge due to their intended purpose; analysis of the rights and obligations of the parties involved in the contract and the allocation of risks concerned; a range of decision tree charts, analysing the main features of the 1992 Red Book, including risks, indemnities and insurances, claims and counterclaims, variations, procedure for claims, programme and delay, suspension, payments and certificates, dispute resolution mechanisms, and dispute boards; a much enlarged discussion of the meaning of claim and dispute and the types of claim with a discussion of the Notice provision in the 1999 forms of contract for the submittal of claims by a contractor and by an employer; the FIDIC scheme of indemnities and insurance requirements; and the methods of dispute resolution provided by the various forms of contract; and five new chapters in this third edition, the first four chapters deal with each of the 1999 forms and the fifth chapter is confined to the topic of Dispute Boards.