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Direct Health Payments and Household Welfare in...
57,50 € *
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Uganda heavily relies on out-of-pocket payments (OOP) to finance its healthcare yet evidence shows that over 10 percent of gross household expenditure this negatively affects household welfare. More interest was in establishing the extent, distribution as well as determinants of catastrophic health expenditure and how to cope with it. The study was to establish the effect OOP has on household welfare. Using the Uganda National Household Survey data of 2005/06, the study found 28.1 percent of the households in Uganda experiencing catastrophic health expenditure, distributed among all socioeconomic groups though more among rural households. The expenditure reduces household welfare or increases poverty by 5.8 percent. Although food expenditure is protected, education and housing are affected. The study calls for government protection against catastrophic health expenditure through insurance and prepaid schemes, and boost peoples' income for increased ability to pay for care. The poverty computation methodology should be adjusted to address health expenditure to avoid understatement. The results will be used by health financing policy makers as well as health economists and planners.

Anbieter: Dodax AT
Stand: 21.01.2020
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Catastrophic Health Expenditure and Poverty in ...
50,40 € *
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Out-of-pocket health payments can cause financial hardship to households, which may push them into poverty. The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of out-of-pocket health payments on households economic situation in Egypt using a national representative survey. On the other hand, the conventional poverty estimates do not take the effect of out-of-pocket health payments on households into account. Therefore, by reassessing the poverty estimates taking into account out-of-pocket health payments, this book provides new poverty estimates that reflect the poverty impact of out-of-pocket health payments. The study adopts the World Health Organization s methodology in measuring the extent of catastrophic health expenditure and impoverishment. The Findings of the study reveal that health payments exacerbate Egyptian households' living significantly. It suggests that 6% of households encounter catastrophic health expenditure in 2010. It estimates that the poverty line for a household composed of four members equals $114 per month. It suggests that 19.1% are poor. However, additional 7.4% of households pushed into poverty because of health payments.

Anbieter: Dodax AT
Stand: 21.01.2020
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Catastrophic Health Expenditure and Poverty in ...
49,00 € *
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Out-of-pocket health payments can cause financial hardship to households, which may push them into poverty. The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of out-of-pocket health payments on households economic situation in Egypt using a national representative survey. On the other hand, the conventional poverty estimates do not take the effect of out-of-pocket health payments on households into account. Therefore, by reassessing the poverty estimates taking into account out-of-pocket health payments, this book provides new poverty estimates that reflect the poverty impact of out-of-pocket health payments. The study adopts the World Health Organization s methodology in measuring the extent of catastrophic health expenditure and impoverishment. The Findings of the study reveal that health payments exacerbate Egyptian households' living significantly. It suggests that 6% of households encounter catastrophic health expenditure in 2010. It estimates that the poverty line for a household composed of four members equals $114 per month. It suggests that 19.1% are poor. However, additional 7.4% of households pushed into poverty because of health payments.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 21.01.2020
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Canada Health and Social Transfer
39,00 € *
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Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. The Canada Health and Social Transfer was a system of block transfer payments from the Canadian government to provincial governments to pay for health care, post-secondary education and welfare, in place from the 1996-97 fiscal year until the 2004-05 fiscal year. It was split into the Canada Health Transfer and Canada Social Transfer effective April 1, 2004 to provide greater accountability and transparency for federal health funding.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 21.01.2020
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Canada Health and Social Transfer
40,10 € *
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Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. The Canada Health and Social Transfer was a system of block transfer payments from the Canadian government to provincial governments to pay for health care, post-secondary education and welfare, in place from the 1996-97 fiscal year until the 2004-05 fiscal year. It was split into the Canada Health Transfer and Canada Social Transfer effective April 1, 2004 to provide greater accountability and transparency for federal health funding.

Anbieter: Dodax AT
Stand: 21.01.2020
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Individually Purchased Health Insurance in the ...
34,00 € *
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Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. In the United States, individually purchased health insurance is a form of private health care coverage. According to the US Census Bureau, about 9% of Americans are covered under health insurance purchased directly. The range of products available is similar to those provided through employers. However, average out-of-pocket spending is higher in the individual market, with higher deductibles, co-payments and other cost-sharing provisions. Major medical is the most commonly purchased form of individual health insurance.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 21.01.2020
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Individually Purchased Health Insurance in the ...
35,00 € *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. In the United States, individually purchased health insurance is a form of private health care coverage. According to the US Census Bureau, about 9% of Americans are covered under health insurance purchased directly. The range of products available is similar to those provided through employers. However, average out-of-pocket spending is higher in the individual market, with higher deductibles, co-payments and other cost-sharing provisions. Major medical is the most commonly purchased form of individual health insurance.

Anbieter: Dodax AT
Stand: 21.01.2020
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Universal Health Coverage in China
11,50 € *
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This study investigates the situation of Universal Health Care (UHC) in China from a health economic perspective. The first chapter introduces the historical background, analyzes the relevance of UHC and sheds light on the current health insurance status. In this chapter a new holistic health insurance theory is proposed that allows the inclusion of preventive medicine. The second chapter introduces the "Definition and concept" consisting of three dimensions: Firstly, the height dimension with the leading question "What proportion of the costs is covered?". Secondly, the depth dimension that is concerned with the question "Which benefits are covered?". This chapter puts a special focus on the important economic role of non-communicable diseases. Thirdly, the breadth dimension which investigates the question "Who is insured?". The third chapter, looking at the first dimension, found a high but shrinking amount of out-of-pocket payments and catastrophic health payments. Comparing the payment and benefit distributions, it found the ability to pay principle and insufficient separation of health service payments from its consumption. The second dimension discovered problems concerning the roles of ministries, financing and the benefit package. Reforming these areas will be necessary to provide people with appropriate health care. The third dimension showed that migrant workers are exposed to more health risks, have less access to health care and a lower health status. The de facto coverage rate for the Chinese population (including migrant workers) was calculated to be 81.19% in 2011 and 82.16% in 2020. The goals of the Chinese Communist Party (90% in 2011 and nearly 100% in 2020) are hence not reached. The study closes with a "Summary and conclusion, a "Boundaries and discussion" and an "Outlook" section.

Anbieter: Dodax AT
Stand: 21.01.2020
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Universal Health Coverage in China
11,11 € *
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This study investigates the situation of Universal Health Care (UHC) in China from a health economic perspective. The first chapter introduces the historical background, analyzes the relevance of UHC and sheds light on the current health insurance status. In this chapter a new holistic health insurance theory is proposed that allows the inclusion of preventive medicine. The second chapter introduces the "Definition and concept" consisting of three dimensions: Firstly, the height dimension with the leading question "What proportion of the costs is covered?". Secondly, the depth dimension that is concerned with the question "Which benefits are covered?". This chapter puts a special focus on the important economic role of non-communicable diseases. Thirdly, the breadth dimension which investigates the question "Who is insured?". The third chapter, looking at the first dimension, found a high but shrinking amount of out-of-pocket payments and catastrophic health payments. Comparing the payment and benefit distributions, it found the ability to pay principle and insufficient separation of health service payments from its consumption. The second dimension discovered problems concerning the roles of ministries, financing and the benefit package. Reforming these areas will be necessary to provide people with appropriate health care. The third dimension showed that migrant workers are exposed to more health risks, have less access to health care and a lower health status. The de facto coverage rate for the Chinese population (including migrant workers) was calculated to be 81.19% in 2011 and 82.16% in 2020. The goals of the Chinese Communist Party (90% in 2011 and nearly 100% in 2020) are hence not reached. The study closes with a "Summary and conclusion, a "Boundaries and discussion" and an "Outlook" section.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 21.01.2020
Zum Angebot