Balance of Payments Money Supply and Inflation ab 68 € als Taschenbuch: Balance of Payments Money Supply and Inflation: an Empirical Study of Their Relations in Nigeria. Aus dem Bereich: Bücher, Kunst & Musik,
Blockchain is the latest technology that has been successfully utilized in various sectors, especially the world of finance. If you are a business owner, then you need to learn what benefits blockchain holds for you. It is available in nearly all sectors of the economy from the stock market to banking, cloud storage, cross-border payments, digital identity, and so much more. Not only is blockchain faster compared to current networks but is also a lot cheaper and extremely secure.Hot topics discussed:Blockchain and smart contractsPayments and money transferBlockchain data storage and cloud computingBlockchain and digital identityBlockchain and supply chain managementNetworking and "Internet of Things" This book will be able to provide you with all of the tools you need to achieve your goals whatever they may be. A lot of tech experts think that blockchain is the most significant development in the digital world since the advent of the network. The next revolution will, therefore, be a digital revolution. 1. Language: English. Narrator: K.J. Edwards. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/124955/bk_acx0_124955_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
User fees are in place in most Sub-Saharan African countries since the 80's and have been extended to maternal healthcare services. However, the effects of these type out-of-pocket payments in contexts where poverty deeply affects women's purchasing power are not yet clear. This book asks for the purpose of user fees for maternal care in low resource settings and is based on a literature review. Conclusions: User fees can be harmful in a context were women are very poor and where healthcare services, like maternal care, have suboptimal levels of consumption. Therefore, when asking for what are the alternatives to out-of-pocket expenses, demand side approaches must be considered (like voucher schemes, community insurance, cash transfers and loan funds), as well as supply side approaches (like reimbursement schemes, cost-effectiveness analysis, etc.) and as other set of interrelated tools. Still, all these tools may fail if context is not taken into account. It is necessary to understand the cause for the lack of demand for maternal healthcare and keep in mind that the reasons for the arousal of the problem may be different from community to community.
This book seeks to find out if the balance of payments influence variation in the money stock and if in turn, the money supply exert changes in the inflationary spiral in Nigeria.The Granger test is also invoked to determine the line of causation between the balance of payments and money supply on the one hand, and money supply ad inflation on the other hand. Various equations are estimated in order to test the framed hypotheses. The major results of the empirical tests are that: (i) developments in the external sector is reflected in money supply behaviour, (ii) sterilization of foreign net flows is absent given its low value (iii) inflation in Nigeria is positively and significantly influenced by money supply but more by real output. And that flexible exchange rates are more potent. This suggests a higher inflation in the era of the Structure Adjustment Programme. The concluding remarks emphasized the sustainable use of sterilization instrument (open market sale of treasury bills) to check the unprecedented money supply growth. This also will proceed to alleviate the inflation pressure in Nigeria.
Many countries are dependent upon capital flows for their balance of payments accounts. While the determinants of foreign direct investment and portfolio investment have been extensively explored, the analyses of remittance flows from host to home countries are largely lacking. Factors predominantly not considered are domestic institutions which support or encourage international remittance exchange. Nations desire to control international immigration and capital movement. Consequently they adopt domestic policies which create institutions that manage both capital and labor mobility across borders. Additionally, researchers commonly neglect to consider the impact of both supply & demand factors simultaneously, or in other words, the domestic condition (home and host) which both push and pull migrants to migrate and remit. Further, given the non-dyadic nature of the data, there arises a need to regionalize'' the data. Controlling for existing explanations and regional influences. I find that domestic institutions have a significant impact on the ability of an individual to migrate to a host country and to eventually remit back to their country of origin.
Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is a modern wireless communication technology used for identification purposes. It has recently become very popular in a number of application fields: logistics, retail, payments, tracking, avionics, health care, etc. The reasons of this growth can be found in the increasing reliability of systems, the need in modern industries for automation without manual interaction, and the decreasing costs of RFID infrastructures and tags. Based on long-range communication links, UHF systems actually represent the most promising technology, potentially suitable for thousands of applications in the already quoted fields. In order to regulate and speed this growth, the world s largest retailers and supply chain operators have defined the first worldwide UHF RFID technology standard: Electronic Product Code (EPC) Global standard. As expected, the standard has simplified and raised the development of UHF RFID applications, although a several critical issues are still open. In this book, RFID systems have been studied to understand their behavior in critical conditions, minimize effects and improve efficiency.
This is a textbook in the discipline of Monetary Economics-for use at especially postgraduate levels-with an African dimension. The book uses African data, examples and experiences, it is written with an 'African context or flavour' and covers theory, practice, policy and empirical evidence in so doing. Further, the book covers unique topics like the domestic payments mechanism, the informal financial sector, microfinance institutions, growth in a fragmented dual economy, detailed analyses of financial intermediation, and autonomy of central banks-issues hardly covered in other textbooks in the discipline. This is in addition to the usual topics like money supply, demand for money, central banking and monetary policy, and inflation. Most of the existing textbooks are suitable for teaching courses to students outside Africa. The books are based on the working of economies of developed countries-in terms of orientation, data and other information used, examples given, literature cited, topics covered and problem sets included in some of the books. The books lack the 'African context' or 'touch' as they are tuned to mainly developed economies.
This book is intended to create awareness, advantages and disadvantages of demonetization. Decision of demonetization had its impact on all sections of the society, which gave new direction to people, who depend more on cash transactions rather digital payments in India. Reason behind demonetization was effective counter measure against black money and using it for illegal activities. But inadequate supply of new currency was affected day to day transactions of common man, especially people of rural India, banks, ATM and small business suffered temporary financial loses. If destruction of old currency and printing of new currency costs are higher than benefits, then demonetization will not defend decision makers and executors, such decision will impact badly on country economy as well as GDP, also it will tarnish popular ruling governments image.