Erscheinungsdatum: 08.03.2013, Medium: Taschenbuch, Einband: Kartoniert / Broschiert, Titel: Balance of Payments, Exchange Rates, and Competitiveness in Transition Economies, Auflage: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1999, Redaktion: Blejer, Mario I. // Skreb, Marko, Verlag: Springer US, Sprache: Englisch, Schlagworte: Volkswirtschaftslehre // Internationale Wirtschaft // Wirtschaftspolitik // politische Ökonomie, Rubrik: Volkswirtschaft, Seiten: 500, Informationen: Paperback, Gewicht: 750 gr, Verkäufer: averdo
Balance of Payments Exchange Rates and Competitiveness in Transition Economies ab 213.99 € als gebundene Ausgabe: Auflage 1999. Aus dem Bereich: Bücher, Wissenschaft, Wirtschaftswissenschaft,
Balance of Payments Exchange Rates and Competitiveness in Transition Economies ab 138.99 € als Taschenbuch: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1999. Aus dem Bereich: Bücher, Wissenschaft, Wirtschaftswissenschaft,
Balance of Payments Exchange Rates and Competitiveness in Transition Economies ab 138.99 EURO Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1999
Balance of Payments Exchange Rates and Competitiveness in Transition Economies ab 213.99 EURO Auflage 1999
In the context of increasing interrelatedness of economies, foreign trade and capital flows may prove crucial when considering their growth perspectives. This assertion is corroborated by contrasting growth experiences of the Baltic and Central Asian transition economies, which have undergone significant transformations in terms of their economic structure and trade patterns since the early 1990s. This book inquires into the role external factors play in the process of economic growth in the transition economies of the Baltics and Central Asia. With the help of the balance of payments constrained growth model, the economies in question are compared in terms of their growth constituents contributing shares. The author infers that higher growth rates observed in the Baltic economies compared to those in the Central Asian economies in the period from 1994 to 2005 are due to larger values of a compound of exports growth, capital inflows and relative price developments. Growth differences within the two regions are explained in a similar manner. This book may equally be of interest to practicing professionals and those from academia.
The collapse of the communist regimes in Central and Eastern Europe heralded the beginning of an economic transition from central planning to market economies. The subsequent period was marked by malfunctioning of these countries social sectors, including their health care systems, raising serious issues of equity. This book examines the impact of the transition period and the introduction of social insurance on equity in health care provision in Bulgaria. Equity in health care is investigated with respect to function - i.e. financing and delivery - and outcomes - i.e. health status, income inequality and poverty. The methodology provides new ways of modelling health care financing and delivery. The book concludes that social insurance does not provide a uniform means of improving equity and that the root cause of the problem lies in the large proportion of out-of-pocket payments and the rather limited size of the health insurance sector. The data suggests that there are differences between socio-economic groups as regards their likelihood to seek treatment for their ill health, which result in differences in their health status.
Adequate access to public goods plays an important role in the economic and rural development of any country. For the transition countries, however, providing public goods is particularly problematic owing to several factors associated with the transition process itself, e.g. economic recession and a change in ownership of local public goods. Taking Russia as an example, this study examines the effect of the transition process on rural households' access to public goods. With reference to education and health care, household access to public goods is addressed in terms of community availability and economic access. The analysis is taken a step further, through an examination of the role of informal institutions in public good provision. Multiple regression analysis was used to test for the significance of income as a determinant of private expenditures on public goods. The results indicate that, contrary to expectations, neither income nor informal payments are important determinants of access to public goods. Informal institutions continue to exert a strong influence on the provision of public goods.
This book explains in fascinating detail how economic and social transformations in pre-1600 Japan led to an industrious revolution in the early modern period and how the fruits of the Industrious Revolution are what have supported Japan since the eighteenth century, improving living standards and leading to the formation of the work ethic of modern Japan.The arrival of the Sengoku Period in the sixteenth century saw the emergence and domination of government by the warrior class. It was Tokugawa Ieyasu who unified the realm. Yet this unity did not give rise to an autocratic state, as the shogun was recognized merely as a main pillar of the warrior class.Economically, however, from the fourteenth century, currency payments for shen nengu (taxes paid to the proprietor) became standard, and currency circulation began, primarily in the central region. Under Tokugawa rule, organized domestic coinage of currency began, opening the way to establishing a national economic society. Also, agricultural land was surveyed through cadastral surveys known as kenchi . Land values were converted in terms of rice, so the expected rice yields for each village were assessed, and the lords used this as a benchmark for imposing taxes.In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, Japan experienced a "great transition," and conditions for peasants, agriculture, and farming villages underwent great changes. Inefficient traditional agriculture using peasants in a state of servitude was transformed into highly efficient small-sized farming operations which relied on family labor. As production yields increased due to labor-intensive agriculture, the profits obtained by the peasants improved their living standards. The stem-family system became the norm through which work ethics and even literacy were transmitted. This very change was the result of the "industrious revolution" in Japan.The book thus presents the framework of the facts of pre-industrial Japanese history and depicts pre-modern Japan from a macroscopic point of view, showing how the industrious revolution came about. It is certain to be of great interest to economists and historians alike.